Junior Chamber International Philippines
(Philippine Jaycees, Inc.)
VOICE OF PHILIPPINE DEMOCRACY (VOPD)
In 1950, the Communist led peasant uprising led the Huks came close to victory in seizing the seat of government power in Manila and Central Luzon, but were subsequently defeated by a combination of advanced weaponry supplied to the Philippine government and administrative reforms. However, as the war against communist backed guerillas has seen its initial stages of victory, the war against communism and its ideals has only just begun. On January 1951, John O.K Ng then the Philippine Jaycee representative to the Anti-Communist League, that there was a subversive group controlled by foreign elements who were secretly drafting and organizing college students into their anti-democratic movement in the country. To counteract this move, the Anti-Communist League launched a campaign to bring the consciousness of the Filipino youth the dangers of communism. In this campaign, they have named the Jaycees as the logical organization to lead and work hand-in-hand with different student leaders among the student population.
The Manila Jaycees in an unprecedented move, immediately approved the creation of a Jaycee Planning Board to sit with the student leaders on all colleges and universities in Manila, for the purpose of organizing a campaign to bring the student population the dangers of communism. Manila Jaycees John D.K Ng, Arch. Oscar J. Arellano, Atty. Alberto Meer, Joaquin V. Gonzales and Atty. Amelito R. Mutuc were the first members to comprise the planning board. Following several meetings with college students leaders with the Jaycees, ways and means of pushing through the campaign among the students were taken up. Among those projects which pushed through were the publication of anti-Communist collegiate paper the sponsorship of s “Students’ anti-Communist Rally” and the staging of “Voice of Democracy” oratorical contest.
The “Voice of Democracy” was conceived to be an annual oratorical contest open to any regular their or fourth year high school student in any public or government –recognized private high school in the Philippines. Its main purpose was to encourage the nation’s youth to think about and talk about being a Filipino. The VOPD oratorical tilt served as a valuable factor in instilling and inculcating to the youth the ideals of being a Filipino and democracy as a way of life.
As part of the organization’s “Democratic in Action” campaign the Manila Jaycees under the presidency of Atty. Alberto M. Meer, launched the first “Voice of Philippine Democracy” oratorical Contest search in October 1951. Among these who spearheaded the project were then the President of the United Nations General Assembly. Amb. Carlos P. Romulo, then Junior Chamber Philippines Ramon V. del Rosario Sr., and Manila Jaycees President Atty. Amelio R. Mutuc as well as other ranking government officials and newspaper editors.
On December 2, 1951, the first VOPD finals were held at the Ateneo de Manila University Auditorium. Out of the four finalist who competed, Ramon C. Reyes stood out from the rest with his confident gait and flawless diction. Mr. Reyes is now credited for being the first winner of the VOPD competition. The tremendous success of the first VOPD contest in 1951 sparked a nationwide clamor for an annual holding of the same event. Under the presidency of Joaquin V. Gonzales, the Philippine Jaycees officially adopted the project from the Manila Jaycees in June 1952 and has been conducting the oratorical contest on yearly basis. AS the VOPD gained national prominence, more and more participants from the different high schools participated. Many of the past national winners of the VOD have distinguished themselves in their respective fields of endeavor such as Tina Monzom Palma (respected newspaper and achorwoman), Jose C. Laurel V (former Governor of Batangas) and Rufo D. Gonzales (retired Justice of the Court of Appeals).
With the VOD becoming a much anticipated –annual event, sponsorship for the project flourished. La Tondena Distillery became a major corporate sponsor since 1953.
With the advent of Martial Law on September 21, 1972, plans for the year’s Voice of Democracy Contest were natural) cancelled. Plans to revive the said project were futile as the specter of authoritarianism made it difficult to anyone, much less high school students, express thoughts pn genuine Philippine Democracy in total freedom. Perhaps due the immensity of the project as the incredible amount coordination the local chapters, the Philippine Jaycees made several unsuccessful attempts to revive the contest in 1981, 1988, 1998 and 2000 under the new name “Voice of Philippine Democracy”
In 2002, it finally planted the permanent seed to make the contest bring back to the fold and hopefully will last for the years to come. It will indubitably all the support it can receive successfully bring back the glory of the VOPD contest, a project once reigned supreme among the Filipino youth, then bringing with unadulterated idealism and unbridled optimism … qualities that our youth of today need to bring our country back to edge of progress.
RULES OF THE ORATORICAL COMPETITION
1.0 THE ORATION
1.1 The oratorical piece must be original and must expound on democracy in the Philippines, embracing the theme:______________________? “To be decided by the VOPD Oratorical Contest Committee.”
1.2 All orations must be in English.
1.3 All orations must not exceed 1,500 words. Delivery must not be more than ten (10) minutes. A bell will be rung once when the contestant has consumed nine (9) minutes of the allotted time. This means that he/she has one (1) minute to finish the piece. At the end of the ten (10) minutes, the bell will be rung twice.
1.4 The oration shall not, in whole or in part, expressly or impliedly. Subvert the principles of democracy nor offend any religion, sect or creed, nor violate the standards of decency nor the laws on libel and oral defamation.
1.5 An accomplished application form shall accompany the oratorical piece.
2.0 THE PARTICIPANTS
2.1 Any bonafide student of any public or private high school is eligible to participate.
2.2 A contestant must be among the top 20 students of his/her class in overall scholastic standing based on the previous year’s performance. A certification to this effect shall be required from the Principal/School Official.
2.3 First degree relatives by consanguinity or affinity of employees, directors and trustees of the JCI Philippines (JCIP), the Sponsor/s and DepED are disqualified from the competition.
3.0 THE NATIONAL COMPETITIONS
3.1 Participants in the National Finals are to submit in three (3) duplicate copies the oratorical piece they will deliver (date to be announced) direct to the National Committee – Voice of Philippine Democracy, JCI Philippines, #14 A. Roces Avenue, Quezon City (Tel Nos. (02) 373-7907 to 09, Fax (02) 374-4138), along with a certification from the DepED Regional Office that they have been chosen to represent the region.
3.2 Likewise, two (2) copies of the entry forms shall be enclosed with the Certification of Scholastic Record as referred to in Rule No. 2.2.
3.3 The DepEd Regional Office and/or the Regional Jaycee Lead Chapter will send and confirm to the JCI Philippines National Office the regional qualifier for the national competition. The regional winners shall compete at a time and date set by the JCI Philippines in coordination with DepEd and the Sponsor.
3.4 JCI Philippines reserves the right to use the names and photos of the contestants and their entries for dissemination purposes using print or non-print media.
4.0 THE CONTEST GUIDELINES
4.1 The actual competitions shall will be decided by the Committee for the regional level. Each region shall conduct a regional contest to determine the regional winner at a time and date set by the DepED Regional Office, Regional Lead Jaycee Chapter and the Office of Sponsor at least two weeks before the National Competition. Each region shall have only one representative at the National Finals. Each regional winner shall receive a cash price.
4.2 The winner for each region shall compete at the national level will be scheduled by the Committee.
4.3 The National Winners as well as their respective schools shall receive cash, books and the valuable prizes:
4.4 The transportation and overnight accommodation expenses of the finalist and their trainor shall be shouldered by the JCI Philippines (Philippines Jaycees, Inc).
5.0 THE COMPETITION MECHANICS
5.1 The sequence of orator’s presentation shall be determined through the drawing of lots.
5.2 Host schools that organize the regional competition will be provided with banners bearing logos of JCI Philippines, DepED and the Sponsor..
5.3 Contest mechanics and guidelines shall be written on a poster and place on a bulleting to maximize mileage.
6.0 THE CRITERIA FOR JUDGING
The criteria for judging and their respective weights are as follows:
DELIVERY ………………………….……………………… 50%
CONTENT ………………………………………………….. 40%
PERSUASION/AUDIENCE IMPACT ……………………. 10%
DELIVERY – This refers to the outward manifestations of the speaker as follows: posture, gestures, movements, eye contact, facial expression, correct pronunciation and ability to interpret emotions reflected in the oratorical piece by changing the rate, pitch and volume of his/her voice.
CONTENT – This criterion embraces both originality and timeliness of the speech. Since the “Voice of the Philippine Democracy” is the topic for all the contestants, originality should be taken to mean approach to and development of the topic.
Timeliness, on the other hand, should be taken to mean an awareness of the forces which constantly shape democracy here and abroad. This criterion shall likewise includes clarity of thought, logic of arguments, and the use of language the audience (mostly high school students) can understand.
PERSUASION/AUDIENCE IMPACT – This takes into account the total impact of the entire speech as delivered by the speaker – whether it has moved the audience or not regardless of whatever reaction it may have evoked in the in the judges.
7.0 THE JUDGES
7.1 A panel of judges composed of JCI Philippines , DepED and the Sponsor/s will review all winning entries in the regional competition.
7.2 The selection of the members of the Board of Judges shall be the sole prerogative of the JCI Philippines (Philippine Jaycees, Inc.).